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當前位置:首頁 > 民族風情 > 民族概況 > 高山族概況

高山族概況

作者:不詳來源:網絡2013-04-17 15:38:46
高山族概況

人口為40萬左右。

民族概況

高山族是居住在臺灣省的少數民族。主要居住在臺灣省臺灣本島的山地和東部沿海縱谷平原以及蘭嶼上。臺灣當局稱之“山地同胞”,簡稱“山胞”。因地區、語言的差異,內部有阿美人、泰雅人、排灣人、布農人、魯凱人、卑南人、曹人、賽夏人和雅美人等之別。此外,尚有10多萬已被漢化的平埔人。平埔人歷史上包括10個族群。他們散居在臺灣西部、北部、西南部平原與沿海,長期與漢族雜處、通婚,較早接受漢族文化,至19世紀以后已基本與漢族融為一體。據2000年第五次人口普查統計,還有4461人散居祖國大陸。高山族有自己的語言,屬南島語系印度尼西亞語族,無文字。不同地域的高山族使用不同的語言。

在臺灣出土的新石器時代的文物,與祖國大陸特別是福建的新石器文物關系密切,臺灣人應是從祖國大陸遷移過去的。

高山族世代相承的傳統習俗中,有許多華南古文化的特質,諸如巢居、公廨、舟楫、杵臼、木鼓、生食海產、嗜檳榔、嚼米釀酒、竹筒飲酒、跣足、蹲踞、羽冠、卉服、珠貝、貫頭衣、筒裙、斷發文身、鑿齒、涅齒、穿耳、琴簫挑逗、構屋笄居、崖葬、洗骨葬、歌舞、秋千、木雕、獵頭、祭祀、巫術、太陽與蛇和鳥崇拜、祖先崇拜、洪水神話、射日神話、連名制度,等等。其中巢居、舟楫、斷發文身、鑿齒、穿耳、生食海產、崖葬、蛇崇拜等都是古越人典型的文化特質,印證了高山族與古越人;司氣共俗,源出一脈。

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