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當前位置:首頁 > 奇風異俗 > 彝族祭火圣禮

彝族祭火圣禮

作者:不詳來源:網絡2013-03-01 11:18:16
彝族祭火圣禮

彝族祭火圣禮

當一群男子赤裸全身舉著火神、抬著火種在你面前歡呼舞蹈,你不要錯誤地認為那是一群原始人的狂歡。在云南省彌勒縣西一鎮紅萬村,每年的農歷二月初三,整個彝族村寨都要舉行這種祭火祈禱平安的圣禮,據說在中國所有的彝族聚居地,只有這個村寨一直延續這種祭火圣禮。因此,云南省彌勒縣西一鎮紅萬村的祭火便被文史學家稱之為中國的火文化活化石。

相傳遠古彝族先民在原始森林里狩獵時,因為無火,饑餓和寒冷的先民們便只能圍成一圈或抱成一團相互取暖,由此抵御寒冷與黑暗。為給人類帶來溫暖與光明,一位被稱為木鄧的先祖便在古木上鉆了三天三夜終于取得了火種。有了火,先民們不僅從此脫離了茹毛飲血的原始蠻荒時代,還通過火熔煉出鐵水制成鐵器中的長矛大刀等狩獵工具。火是神圣的,它之所以神圣,就在于它用燃燒的火焰給人類帶來文明與希望,文明的人類離不開火。

因此,木鄧便被彝族先民們尊為火神。據說紅萬村就是火神木鄧后裔傳人的彝寨。因此,這里的彝胞們每年都要舉行一次神圣隆重的祭祀火神活動,重溫先祖木鄧取火的過程,然后把取到的火種逐一傳送到家家戶戶,以此祈禱火神保佑村寨平安、五谷豐登、六畜興旺、子孫繁衍。今年的初春,我就曾感受過一次祭祀火神的圣禮,并由此更為崇敬給我們人類帶來文明與希望的先祖—木鄧。

那天,太陽剛剛升起,村寨里所有的彝胞們便都換上了節日的盛裝,然后聚集在寨門的牌坊前等待著迎接從四面八方趕來的賓客與朋友。無論男女老少,都燦爛地歡笑著,那笑靨和環抱村寨燦若星河的桃花相映,使之成為一幅抒情而又醉人心魄的喜慶年畫。只見用柏樹枝搭建的牌坊下,兩名赤裸全身但卻用五彩顏料紋飾的男子,手持大刀與兩名依然赤裸仍用五彩顏料紋飾的金童分站于牌坊的兩邊,當有賓客與朋友走進牌坊時,站于牌坊兩邊的彝家小姑娘及小伙子們便彈響大三弦跳起歡快的彝族跳月……

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