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英國煎餅節

作者:不詳來源:網絡2018-10-08 14:06:53
英國煎餅節

煎餅節(Pancake Day),也叫做“懺悔日”(Shrove Tuesday)。這一天其實是基督教會在基督受難日前40天的“封齋日”開始前的最后一天,具有悠久的歷史淵源,也是基督教的傳統節日之一。世界上有很多國家都會慶祝這個節日,不過當屬在英國最為盛行。

封齋期內一些虔誠的教徒會定期“守齋”,紀念耶穌基督的死。在古代,人們會在“懺悔日”把家中的“美味”食物清除或用罄。由于以前雞蛋和糖、黃油都屬于較為難得的“佳味”,因此,人們會利用這些原料制成薄煎餅享用,后來成為了英國的一個傳統。

當然,現代社會物資大大豐富,雞蛋和牛奶都不在封齋期的齋戒范圍之內了,但虔誠的信徒們仍會立志在此期間戒食某種特定食物,比如巧克力或是酒等,宗旨是必須放棄自己的最愛之一。于是人們仍會在這天吃煎餅,而且花樣翻新,你可以在餅上加糖漿或是果醬,也可以鋪上喜歡的水果等等,既能做正餐又可以當甜點。

煎餅節跟我們的春節一樣,日子不定落在公歷的哪一天,通常是2月或3月的一個周二。其實這個是和基督教相關的日子,復活節周日往前數47天,那個周二就是煎餅日。因為復活節每年的日子都不是固定的,所以煎餅日每年也是不同的,不過肯定是周二。

基督徒在復活節前會進行長達四十天的四旬齋(Lent),多數人會選擇在此期間放棄一樣自己喜愛的東西。于是很多家庭在煎餅日用完櫥柜里的雞蛋白糖和油,吃上一頓美味的煎餅大餐,次日進行四旬齋。

隨著時間推移,人們逐漸忘了煎餅日的最初含義,把它發展為一個分享簡單卻美味食物的日子。

這天,各地還會舉行別開生面的煎餅賽跑活動(Pancake Race)。煎餅賽跑需要參賽者每人拿一個裝著薄煎餅的長柄平底鍋,在奔跑過程中要把這個薄餅翻面若干次(次數在比賽之前設定)且不讓薄煎餅掉出來,最先跑到終點的人就是贏家。

這一傳統起源于英國白金漢郡的奧爾尼(Olney),1445年的煎餅日那天上午,奧爾尼鎮市場附近的一位家庭主婦忙著攤煎餅,結果把去教堂做禮拜的事忘了。突然教堂的鐘聲響了,這位主婦情急之下,端起煎鍋就往教堂沖去,一邊跑,一邊還不忘翻鍋里的煎餅,生怕煎餅糊了。從此之后端煎餅賽跑就這樣延續了下來,也為這個節日增添了不少氣氛。

后來英國人把這個項目發揚光大,發展為煎餅節的傳統活動,英國各地都會舉辦煎餅賽跑,一邊跑一邊端著鍋翻餅(Flip the pancake),保證煎餅不掉下來還能最快跑到終點。參賽選手還需要穿上傳統的家庭主婦“制服”:裙子、圍裙、頭巾,賽程415碼。連英國國會大廈(British Houses of Parliament)的議員們都會舉辦煎餅賽跑,以此來讓人們了解慈善事業。

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