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當前位置:首頁 > 異域風俗 > 國外風俗 > 緬甸風情與佛教文化

緬甸風情與佛教文化

作者:不詳來源:網絡2019-02-16 15:34:13
緬甸風情與佛教文化

緬甸,一個神秘的國度,所到之處,無不被緬甸亞熱帶旖旎風光、豐富多彩的佛教文化和濃郁的民族風情所吸引。

僧人處處受尊敬

緬甸是個佛教國家,城鄉處處表現出佛國的特色。在城市,一座座雄偉的佛塔、寺院使居民的房舍黯然失色。在鄉村,金碧輝煌的佛塔廟宇,與鄉村簡陋的高腳茅屋形成鮮明的對比。全國有30多萬僧人,在大街上、公園里、小路上,常常可以碰到舉止端莊、偏袒右肩、披著黃色袈裟的僧尼。在緬甸,所有的火車,汽車票出售窗口,無論所排的隊伍有多長,僧人總是被群眾護送在前購票,然后才是群眾購買。有的僧人無論乘坐海、陸、空一切運載工具都享有終身免費優待的。原來,緬甸每年緬歷3月(相當公歷6月)國家對僧人舉行經典大考試,僧人獲得“三藏法師”稱號后,就可獲得這種優待。

吉祥樹

在棒賽市,每見客、貨汽車頭上兩旁均插有青翠的樹枝,太常見了以致視而不見。后來在緬甸各地但見所有汽車都新插有兩束油綠的樹枝。這小小的樹枝不能遮蔭,何必要插它呢?一問才知道插在汽車頭上兩旁的樹枝作用可大呢,經介紹得知,這是一種叫“昂得別”的樹,樹尖嫩葉有點紅棕色。從前,將士們在前方打了勝仗,人們用它歡迎英雄的凱旋。后來人們把它插在車上或家中以求吉祥。在緬甸數千公里路程中,很少發生車禍,哪怕緬甸公路路況不太好。這除了司機禮貌行車外,大概與“昂得別”吉祥樹枝時刻警醒著駕駛員分不開。

市場無活鮮

緬甸副食品市場,雞、鴨、鵝、魚沒有活鮮賣,都賣死的。因為市民信佛,不自殺亦不叫他殺。偶爾有一只活雞活魚出售,賣上兩三天也賣不掉,如果是死的就容易賣了。緬甸人大都信佛,一般的人心地善良。

出家是大喜的事情

在緬甸,男孩子都必須到寺院當一個時期和尚,少數家庭也有送女孩去當尼姑的。緬甸人送子去當和尚被視為家庭中一件大事,祝賀儀式辦得比婚喪嫁娶還要隆重排場,往往遍請親朋好友,大宴四天。有的人家搞送子出家這項活動,要花上一兩萬元。孩子去寺廟,還要隆重送行,讓他穿太子服、王冠,騎白馬(或乘車)游街串村。吹笛子、擊芒鑼、打法鼓、象腿鼓。在寶蓋、孔雀扇護送下,載歌載舞,非常熱鬧。不騎馬的,就由家長把孩子托在肩頭一直送到寺院。最后由寺院主持為孩子剃發、披上袈裟,出家儀式才告結束。

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