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當前位置:首頁 > 異域風俗 > 國外風俗 > 緬甸的特殊禮節:脫鞋

緬甸的特殊禮節:脫鞋

作者:不詳來源:網絡2019-02-16 15:51:57
緬甸的特殊禮節:脫鞋

上塔脫鞋、進廟脫鞋、進家脫鞋……脫鞋這是一種特殊的佛教思想。生長在緬甸的人從小就接受這種思想,脫鞋是很自然的事。在緬甸,穿皮鞋和其他運動鞋類的人極少。

緬甸人絕大部分的是佛教徒,家家都有神龕,進屋前脫鞋,是公認的習慣。除保持室內衛生之外,也是對佛祖的虔誠崇敬。進寺院,上佛塔,更要脫鞋。到緬甸訪問的外國元首,上大金佛塔,一律要脫鞋,任何人都不能例外。

古代,人民見緬王時要脫鞋;外國使臣見緬王時,也要脫鞋,緬甸人將維護 “脫鞋”,等同維護國家主權一樣重要。

英國占領緬甸前,對使臣見緬王要脫鞋非常不滿。1824年,英緬戰爭之后,英國占領部分緬甸國土,就開始采取不脫鞋的作法。與緬王談判時,也不脫鞋。當時英國想將克倫 (吉仁)邦從緬甸獨立出來,成立另一個國家,于1852年,派使臣與緬王談判。緬王在壓力之下,對克倫人的問題做了不少讓步,但對英國人以后不脫鞋一事,絕不讓步,并停止與英國使團談判。

1885年,英國又制造事端,發動第三次侵緬戰爭。同年11月29日,英國軍隊攻入緬王宮,他們這一次不但穿著皮靴沖進緬皇宮,還把緬王和王后擄走,帶到印度去,此后緬甸成為了英國的殖民地。英國占領了緬甸,仍想改變“脫鞋”的習慣,他們穿鞋上神圣的瑞達貢大金塔,但遭到緬甸公眾的堅決反對。

“脫鞋”是緬甸自古以來的規矩,不是殖民者說改就改的。因此在英國統治緬甸63年中,一直無法改變這一習慣。

到緬旬旅游,一定要記住,上佛塔,人寺院,到別人家做客,要脫鞋,否則就是不尊敬他們的習慣,會被視為輕視他們。神圣的地方不但干凈,甚至是一塵不染,不穿鞋也可以保證腳掌沒有任何傷害。其它地方以及所有公眾場合,則無需脫鞋。

脫鞋,是緬甸自古以來一種特殊禮節,也是不可改變的禮節。

上一篇:緬甸的餐飲禮儀

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